Tuesday, 23 January 2018

Ratha Saptami - When is Ratha Saptami in 2018 - Lord Sun birthday,

Ratha Saptami 2018

Ratha Saptami
Saptami Tithi is committed to Lord Surya. Shukla Paksha Saptami in Magha month is known as Ratha Saptami or Magha Saptami. It is trusted that Lord Surya Dev began edifying the entire world on Ratha Saptami day which was considered as birth day of God Surya. Henceforth this day is otherwise called Surya Jayanti. 
Ratha Saptami
Ratha Saptami is very promising day and it is considered as favorable as Surya Grahan for Dan-Punya exercises. By revering Lord Surya and watching quick on this the very beginning can dispose of all sort of sins. It is trusted that seven sorts of sins done, intentionally, unwittingly, by words, by body, by mind, in current birth and in past births are cleansed by venerating Lord Surya on this day. 
Ratha Saptami
On Ratha Saptami one should clean up amid Arunodaya. Ratha Saptami Snan is one of the vital ceremonies and is recommended amid Arunodaya as it were. Arunodaya period wins for four Ghatis (approx. one and half hour for Indian areas on the off chance that we think of one as Ghati term as 24 minutes) before dawn. Cleaning up before dawn amid Arunodaya keeps one solid and free from a wide range of illnesses and sicknesses. In view of this conviction Ratha Saptami is otherwise called Arogya Saptami. Washing up in water body like waterway, channel is favored over cleaning up at home. DrikPanchang.com records Arunodaya period and dawn time for most urban communities over the globe. 

In the wake of washing up one should revere Lord Surya amid dawn by offering Arghyadan (अर्घ्यदान) to Him. Arghyadan is performed by gradually offering water to Lord Surya from little Kalash with collapsed deliver Namaskar Mudra while confronting Lord Sun in standing position. After this one should light Deepak of unadulterated Ghee and love Sun God with Kapoor, Dhup, and red blooms. By doing morning Snan, Dan-Punya and Arghyadan to Suryadev one is offered with long life, great wellbeing and success.
Puja
What is Ratha Saptami? Is there any reference in our scriptures regarding its celebrations?
Ans;  Magha sukla Paksha saptami is known as Ratha Saptami and is considered as the most auspicous day to venerate Lord Surya.It is likewise trusted that Surya Deva began enlightening the entire world on the Saptami Tithi and subsequently it is otherwise called "Surya Jayanti". 
Rathasapthami Kannada
Washing in Arunodaya time, "Arghya Pradana"(offering water) are viewed as two very favorable and remunerating follows up on this day
Surya

Blah Janma krutam paapam mayaa Janmasu, Tanmey Rogam cha shokam cha Maakarihantu Saptami/Yetatjjanmakrutam paapam yaccha janmaantaraarjitam, Manovaakkaayajam yaccha jnaataajnaatey cha ye punah/Iti Sapta vidham paapam Snaanmey Sapta Saptikey, Sapta Vyaadhi samaayuktam hara Maakari Saptami/(May the aggregate of my transgressions amassed in my present and past births by virtue of cognizant and oblivious acts or those executed by my vocal or mental roots be broken down on this Makara Saptami and may this Sacred Snaana with my sincere and genuine supplications and obeisances to you Surya Deva, as Seven sorts of Sins and Seven kinds of Diseases be pulverized for ever!).Ratha Saptami


And,the "Arghya Pradana" mantra states: 

Sapta Saptivaha preeta Saptaloka pradeepana, Saptami sahito Deva gruhanaarghya Divaakara/(Divaakara! You are friendly of riding on the chariot drwan by Seven Horses with Seven Names and offer magnificence to Seven Lokaas clearly enamored with the numeral of Seven; Bhagavan! may I have the benefit of offering 'Arghya' on this Saptami Tithi to stamp my respect! 

The criticalness of Ratha Saptami is given in more than one Puranas including the Brahma Purana,Varaha Purana and the Suryopakhana part of Bhavisya Purana.The following statement is taken from the Bhavisya Purana page: Quotes
Ratha Saptam
It was on Saptami Tithi that Bhagavan Surya made his underlying indication to the Universe. His unique Appearance inside a Holy Egg proceeded and from that point itself, he developed and thus was called  Martaanda . He was married to the little girl of Daksha Prajapati, called Sanjna, and generated Dharma Raja, Vaivasvata and Yamuna Devi.Rathasapthami Kannada In any case, since Sanjna was not able manage the warmth and astonish of Surya Deva, made from her shadow a comparative substitute, called Chhaya Devi to intermediary her and left for Uttarakuru Desha to perform Tapasya as a steed.
Ratha

In the mean time, Chhaya Devi brought forth Shaneswara and Devi Tapati, yet aftersome time, Chhaya Devi s fractional demeanor to her own kids and those of Sanjna came to be seen; Yama Dharma indicated out Chhaya Devi about the differential treatment and in course of the contention, Yama raised his privilege legs lower leg which was questioned by Chhaya and she gave a revile to Yama that if his feet lower legs were put on Earth they would be eaten by worms! As Dharma Raja grumbled to Surya Deva, the father mitigated the sentiments of his child, who was in certainty an example of uprightness, saying that the shaapof Sandhya Devi was not to be excessively destructive since, all things considered, worms may take away the fragile living creature and blood of his lower leg to Bhuloka however feet would be in judgment any way. Sandhya was alarmed and shouted reality to Surya Deva that Sanjna emerged her to assign her and the last left to her fathers put; Daksha disclosed to Surya Deva that Sanjna couldn't withstand his warmth and had been performing Tapasya as a stallion at Uttarakuru. Surya asked for Vishwakarma to diminish his warmth and brilliance and subsequent to expecting the types of a stallion moved toward Sanjna and by the common contact of the noses of Surya and Sanjana in horse frames were conceived Ashvini Kumars and Raivata. Since the Episode of Sanjna and Surya happened on Sapta Tithi of Magha Shukla Paksha as over, the day is considered as most favorable to imply the union the Couple. The individuals who play out the Saptami Vrata of Bhagavan Surya by keeping quick on Shashthi, the earlier day and also on that day till the nightfall time, perform formal Puja on Saptami, give away a decent nourishment with penty of Vegetables to Brahmanas alongside Vastras, dakshina and blessings, and break the quick with the sustenance watching hush amid the night would be qualified to the satisfaction of wants, triumph, and even Kingship. Lord Kuru watched this Vrata for quite a long while at Kurukshetra on Magha Saptami and achieved satisfaction of all wants Quotes
Rathasapthami Kannada


As to significance of worshiping Surya with Arka: 

Surya Birthday

Each divinity have certain most loved blossoms and certain restricted blooms not to be utilized as a part of their pujas.Arka is presumably a most loved blossom of Surya yet I have not discovered anything demonstrating that reality.
Rathasapthami Kannada
Be that as it may, Lord Shiva is said to be exceptionally enamored with this Arka bloom :
Ratha Saptam
Chaturnaam Pushpa Jaateenaam G andhamaaghraati Shankarah, Arkasya Karaveerasya Bi lvasya Vakulasya cha/( Shankara Maha Deva is enamored with the Sugandha of Arka, Karaveera, Bilwa and Vakula Quotes


Religious significance

Ratha Saptami is emblematically spoken to as the Sun God Surya turning his Ratha (Chariot) drawn by seven steeds, with Aruṇa as the charioteer, towards the northern side of the equator, in a north-easterly bearing. The emblematic centrality of the ratha and the seven steeds ruled to it is that it speaks to the seven shades of the rainbow. The seven steeds are additionally said to speak to the seven days of seven days beginning with Sunday, the day of Sun god Surya. The chariot has 12 wheels, which speaks to the 12 signs (each of 30 degrees) of the Zodiac (360 degrees) and constituting an entire year, named Samvatsara. The Sun's own particular house is Leo (Simha) and he moves starting with one house then onto the next consistently and the aggregate cycle takes 365 days to finish. The Ratha Saptami celebration looks for the kindhearted inestimable spread of vitality and light from the Sun God.

Ratha Saptami likewise denotes the slow increment in temperature crosswise over South India and anticipates the landing of spring, which is later proclaimed by the celebration of Ugadi or the Hindu lunar New Year day in the long stretch of Chaitra.

Legends

Ratha Saptami additionally denotes the introduction of Surya to sage Kashyapa and his significant other Aditi and consequently celebrated as Surya Jayanti (the Sun-god's birthday). A legend is described by the Kamboj realm's King Yashovarma, a respectable ruler who had no beneficiary to control his kingdom. On his exceptional supplications to God, he was honored with a child. The lord's promises did not end with this, as his child was in critical condition. A holy person who went by the ruler prompted that his child ought to play out the Ratha Saptami pooja (adore) with veneration to free of his past sins. Once the King's child played out this, his wellbeing was reestablished and he governed his kingdom well.[citation needed] It is likewise said that wise Bhisma inhaled his final gasp fourth after quite a while on ekaadashi. Ratha Saptami

Sun temples

There are Surya sanctuaries all over India where Ratha Sapthami is intensely celebrated. Be that as it may, the most renowned one is the World Heritage Site of the Konarak Sun Temple, in Konark, Orissa. Other than Konark, there is another sun sanctuary in Orissa, the Biranchi Narayan Temple (Biranchi khetra) in Buguda, Ganjam District. There are sun sanctuaries in Modhera, Gujarat, made by lord Bhimdev of the Chaulukya line, in Arasavalli, Andhra Pradesh and in groups of Navagraha sanctuaries in Tamil Nadu and Assam. The Sun Temple at Martand (Jammu and Kashmir) and Sun Temple of Multan are sanctuaries, which were decimated amid Muslim clashes previously. Subtle elements of couple of sanctuaries are explained


Religious observances

Rathasapthami Kannada

God Vishnu in his frame as Surya (the Sun-God) is normally revered on this day. Ordinarily, Rathasapthami starts in family units with a cleansing shower (washing is likewise done in a waterway or ocean) by holding a few Ekka (Calotropis Gigantea) leaves on their head while showering and droning a verse which should summon the kindheartedness of the Lord in all that one enjoys amid whatever is left of the year. Argyam or (Tharpanam) (water held in the palms) is offered to the Sun God on this day while droning psalms are performed to the Sun God. It additionally includes completing a puja with the custom Naivedhya (nourishment offering to God), and offering of blooms and natural products. Vital supplications offered to the Sun god on this event are the Adityahridayam, Gayathri, Suryashtakam, Surya Sahasram namam. The favored time for the pooja is inside one hour after sunrise. In places like Mysore and Melkote, stately parades convey the Surya Mandala - the symbol of Surya.
Ekka leaves (in Kannada), are otherwise called Arka (in Sanskrit, which means a beam or blaze of lightning) leaves, Jilledu in Telugu, Erukku in Tamil and Calotropis Gigantea (bowstring hemp) in English. Arka is additionally an equivalent word for Surya or Sun. Its criticalness to Sun God could be contrasted with the noteworthiness of Tulsi (Ocimum tenuiflorum) leaves to Vishnu. Arka leaves are additionally utilized for love of god Ganesha known by the name Arka Ganesha and furthermore for Hanuman adore. Its stems, called samidha (conciliatory offerings of wood) are utilized for the Yagna custom as a conciliatory offering to a custom fire. Its shape is said to speak to the shoulders and chariot of Sun God. Its utilization amid the formal ceremonious shower includes arrangement of seven leaves - one on the head, two on the shoulders, two on the knees and two on the feet. On this day, in South India, Rangoli is drawn with shaded rice powder portraying a chariot and seven steeds as emblematic of the Ratha Saptami. Cowdung cake is additionally singed at the focal point of this delineation and drain bubbled on the fire is offered to the Sun God. In a portion of the critical Vaishnavite sanctuaries, for example, the Tirumala, Srirangam, Srirangapattana and Melukote, Ratha Saptami is one of the essential celebrations of the year. Yearly Car Festival of Lord Veera Venkatesha of Sri Venkatramana Temple in Mangalore is hung on this day and is broadly known as Kodial Teru or Mangaluru Rathotsava.

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